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Environm Ciencia, Tecnologia y Economia

Posts Tagged ‘Whales’

Whales MEPs set to back international whaling ban

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en febrero 27, 2009

MEPs set to back international whaling ban

 

MEPs are calling for tough new measures to be taken against whaling. In a market where 1000 whales are killed each year for commercial purposes, British Liberal Elspeth Attwooll is proposing stricter penalties to deter pro-whaling countries.

The reasons for the dwindling whale figures are varied and many. One of the key contributing factors is commercial whaling. In 1986 the International Whaling Commission banned all commercial whaling.

 

Fact Box

0.             1/4 of whale species are currently endangered

0.             9 species are in danger of extinction

0.             Norway, Iceland and Japan all have commercial whaling industries

0.             The blue whale is the biggest mammal: averaging 25 meters long, 100 tonnes

 

However, not all countries signed up and many still flaunt the ban by embarking on “scientific whaling projects”, which skirts the ban by killing the whales for study. There is some evidence that carcasses from scientific whaling manage to find their way onto the consumer market.

 

Whales are also falling victim to changing environmental conditions. Climate change, pollution, ship strikes, fish by-catch and noise pollution have all been instrumental in whale deaths.

 

Scientific loophole should be closed

 

Elspeth Attwooll in her own initiative report says the IWC ban on whaling should continue, but calls for an end to the use of lethal scientific whaling methods.

 

Other points from the report include:

 

0. Banning international trade in whale products.

0. Designating substantial areas as sanctuaries with indefinitely prohibited whaling; establish Marine Protected areas.

0. Encouraging the use of selective fishing gear to avoid by-catches of smaller species.

0. Limited hunting under clear, fixed quotas by communities that traditionally hunt whales to live.

 

MEPs will vote on the report on Thursday morning, 19 February.

 

 

 

Source PE

 

 

 

 

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Proteccion de Ballenas -Court Decision on Low-Frequency Active Sonar System Will Help Protect Whales

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en marzo 25, 2008


 

 

Court Decision on Low-Frequency Active Sonar System Will Help Protect Whales

 

 2008-02-07 08:59:48 –Leadership for the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) praised the decision today by a U.S. District Court to grant a preliminary injunction  that will restrict the use of Low Frequency Active (LFA) sonar during testing and training operations.

 




The decision, issued by Judge Elizabeth Laporte of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, orders all parties to negotiate the specific terms of the injunction, which will offer some relief to marine mammals from potentially lethal underwater sound blasts by prohibiting LFA sonar use in areas of the ocean identified as critical marine mammal habitat.


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‘This is a lifeline for whales and all marine mammals- said IFAW Washington, D.C., Office Director Jeffrey Flocken. ‘As the second decision this week in favor of protecting marine species from military sonar activity, there is much cause to celebrate.-

 

 

 

This decision marks the second defeat this week for the US Navy. On Monday, February 4, U.S. District Court Judge Florence-Marie Cooper rejected a waiver by the Bush Administration that attempted to override protections for marine mammals from high-intensity Mid Frequency Active (MFA) sonar naval training, which she had found violated the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

 

 

Today’s injunction stems from a 2007 lawsuit filed by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), IFAW, and four other groups challenging the Navy’s environmental impact statement for its LFA sonar deployment and the decision by the National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) to grant the Navy a five-year permit to ‘take- marine mammals in connection with LFA sonar operations.

 

 

 

Low Frequency Active Sonar is different from Mid-Frequency Active Sonar in that LFA signals travel further under water, ensonifying vast areas of the ocean with levels of sound known to disturb and injure whales. Both systems pose serious threats to marine mammals by producing dangerous levels of underwater noise, killing or seriously injuring marine wildlife. Among the most dramatic impacts of high-intensity sonar are mass strandings of whales. As sound is crucial to whales, dolphins, porpoises, and other marine wildlife for navigation, communication, mating, and finding food, any disturbance that undermines their ability to transmit or recognize sounds may jeopardize their capacity to function and, over the long term, to reproduce and survive.

 

 

About IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare)

 

Founded in 1969, IFAW is an international animal welfare and conservation organization that works to protect wild and domestic animals and to broker solutions that benefit both animals and people. With offices in 15 countries around the world, IFAW works to protect whales, elephants, great apes, big cats, dogs and cats, seals, and other animals.

 

 

To learn more and to take action, visit http://www.ifaw.org today.

 

 

Source: http://www.pr-inside.com/court-decision-on-low-frequency-active-sonar-system-will-help-protect-whales-r425994.htm

 

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