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Internet Governance Forum

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en noviembre 17, 2009

Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Meeting 2009

Programme for the Main Sessions

The objective of the programme is to maximize the opportunity for open and inclusive dialogue and the exchange of ideas; to try and create feedback loops between the different types of sessions; to create opportunities to share best practices and experiences; to listen, dialogue and learn as well as to identify key themes that would, in the future, benefit from the multistakeholder perspective of the IGF.

“Internet Governance – Creating Opportunities for all” is the overall title of the meeting. The agenda is as follows:
• Managing critical Internet resources;
• Security, openness and privacy;
• Access and diversity;
• Internet governance in the light of WSIS principles;
• Taking stock and the way forward – on the desirability of the continuation of the Forum;
• Emerging issues: Impact of Social Networks.

The basic format of the previous meetings, with main sessions, workshops and other events, will be maintained.

Each of the main sessions will be an opportunity for productive exchange between all stakeholders on policy approaches, challenges, and practical options to address them. The goal is to discuss practices or issues and their relevance to all stakeholders.

Internet governance – Setting the Scene:

Orientation Session: 15 November, 10:00 – 11:30

This session will give participants background on Internet governance in general and the IGF in particular. The intent of the session is to improve participants’ ability to engage in and benefit from the IGF meeting. It will explain the basic functioning of the IGF and the issues it has been dealing with to assist in creating a common background with regard to the depth and focus of the discussions and maximize participation. The session will also give an overview of the programme.

Regional Perspectives: 15 November, 11:30 – 13:00

This session will bring in different regional experiences, as they emerged from various regional and national meetings.

Opening Ceremony: 15 November, 14:00 – 17:00

Opening Session:

Managing Critical Internet Resources:
16 November, 10:00 – 13:00

This session will be held in the form of an open discussion, without panellists, in order to promote greater participation by all stakeholders to inform and provide their perspectives. It will be managed by the Chair and moderators with resource persons on call in the audience. The following issues were mentioned, among others, to be addressed under this heading: 

• Transition from IPv4 to IPv6;
• The JPA, the IANA contract and the role of governments;
• The internationalization of critical Internet resources management;
• The importance of new TLDs and IDNs for development;
• Enhanced cooperation.

Security, Openness and Privacy: 16 November, 15:00 – 18:00

The discussion of this cluster of issues will be introduced by a panel of practitioners to set the stage and bring out options for how to deal with the policy and practical choices related to the different facets of these themes. The discussion will cover practical aspects of the coordination needed to secure the network (e.g. to fight spam) and their relationship to issues pertaining to openness (e.g. ensuring the open architecture of the Internet).

Issues to be discussed will include:
• The respect for privacy as a business advantage;
• Identity theft, identity fraud, and information leakage;
• Web 2.0;
• Social networks;
• Cloud computing and privacy, e.g. control of one’s own data and data retention;
• Cultural and technical perspectives on the regulation of illegal Web contents;
• Regulatory models for privacy;
• Ensuring the open architecture of the Internet;
• Net Neutrality;
• Enabling frameworks for freedom;
• Ethical dimensions of the Internet.

Access and Diversity: 17 November, 10:00 – 13:00 


This session will be split into two and draw in the outcomes of related workshops, which could compare and contrast approaches and best practices.

Diversity:

Issues:
• Access for people with disabilities;
• Multilingualism and IDNs.


Access:
Issues mentioned for this session included:
• National and international regulatory issues;
• National and regional backbones;
• Infrastructure;
• Interconnection costs;
• Enabling Internet Exchange Points (IXPs);
• Modes of access and regulatory challenges;
• Safety and redundancy of access, e.g. cable cuts;
• Issues in mobile access.

Internet Governance in the Light of the WSIS Principles: 17 November, 15:00 – 18:00

This session builds on the WSIS Principles, as contained in the Geneva Declaration of Principles and the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society, in particular on Paragraphs 29 and 31. The Session will be based on Paragraph 72 i) of the Tunis Agenda which mandates the IGF to “promote and assess, on an ongoing basis, the embodiment of WSIS principles in Internet governance processes”. This session will be held in the form of an open discussion without panellists.

Host Country Honourary Session: 18 November 10:00 – 11:15

“Preparing the Young Generations in the Digital Age: A Shared Responsibility”

The session will discuss how IGF 2009 has created “Opportunities For All”, with a special focus on young people, as the primary users and innovators of the Internet. Through a synthesis of the past 3 days activities, the session will illustrate the way young people were integrated in the debates on diversity, openness, privacy and development, and most importantly on empowerment and online safety issues. The session will demonstrate the vision and achievements in e-safety and global challenges facing the international community in this particular area.

Taking Stock and Looking Forward – on the desirability of the continuation of the Forum:
Part I: 18 November, 11:30 – 13:00
Lunch Break: 13:00 – 14:30
Part II: 18 November, 14:30 – 16:00

The focus of this three hour session will be: “formal consultations with Forum participants” on the “desirability of the continuation of the Forum”, as stipulated by Paragraph 76 of the Tunis Agenda. These consultations have been initiated by an online process, starting with a questionnaire prepared by the IGF secretariat. A synthesis paper reflecting all commentaries received is available in all UN languages.

The discussions will be held on the basis of a pre-established speakers list. Interested participants can request a speaking slot by sending an email to igfstock@intgovforum.org with the heading “taking stock”.

Emerging Issues – Impact of Social Networks: 18 November, 16:00 – 18:00


This session will focus on the development on the development of social media (social networks, user-generated content sites, micro-blogging, collaboration tools, etc. and explore whether this development requires to modify traditional policy approaches, in particular regarding privacy and data protection, rules applicable to user-generated content and copyrighted material, as well as freedom of expression and illegal content. The session will also address the importance of the “terms of service” of large platforms, how they are developed and their relationship with emerging business models based on behavioral analysis.

Closing Ceremony: 18 November, 18:00 – 18:30

source UN

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Internet Governance Forum

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en noviembre 17, 2009

Internet Governance Forum: Commission welcomes landmark step towards a truly global internet

At the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Sharm El Sheikh (Egypt), the European Commission today has welcomed a landmark step towards a truly global (and local) internet: the announcement that “Internationalised Domain Names” will be introduced at the top level. Until now, internet domain names were either fully or partly in the Latin “a to z” alphabet. ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers), which manages the internet’s core directory, has announced that a fast track process would be launched today to open up country code top level domains (like “.eu” of europa.eu) to non Latin characters. This means that Europeans, especially in Greece, Bulgaria and Cyprus, will be able to see domain names in their own alphabets. Viviane Reding, the EU’s telecoms and internet Commissioner, heralded this major multilingual development. She also called for the timeframe of the Internet Governance Forum – a unique multi-stakeholder dialogue platform for the global internet community – to be extended.

“The online world should be a reflection of the multicultural and multilingual world offline. The internet should therefore not just be English, but also Arabic, Bulgarian, Greek, Farsi, Hindi, and Chinese. I am delighted with ICANN’s steps to further open domain names to different alphabets. The Commission has called for this for several years,” said EU Commissioner Reding. “In Europe, we are already well ahead in our plans to enable names under dot.eu to use Greek and Cyrillic letters before the end of the year and we are also pushing forward to have Greek and Cyrillic script versions of dot.eu at the top level very soon”.

ICANN’s decision will allow internet users to register and use entire internet domain names (like europa.eu) with characters which are not in the English alphabet (a-z and 0-9). Internet domain names in non-Latin alphabets (like Arabic, Chinese or Cyrillic) are already being used in the second level of internet addresses (“europa” in europa.eu) but fully internationalised names have so far been impossible. ICANN’s announcement that they will start to take applications for country-code Top Level Domains (like .bg, or .eu) in local language scripts will potentially allow millions more internet users around the world to get on-line in their own language.
In June 2009, the European Commission changed its internet domain name rules so that the characters of all 23 official EU languages can be used. From 10 December 2009, it will be possible to register names using characters like “à”, “ą”, “ä”, “ψ” or “д” under “.eu”. EU citizens and businesses will be able to register domain names in non-Latin scripts, which is essential for languages such as Greek and Bulgarian. Also, Spanish and Basque speakers can register names with “ñ” while French, Portuguese and Catalan speakers can use “ç”. The EU will also introduce internationalised domain names on our own Top Level Domain – dot.eu – as soon as possible. .eu already has more than 3 million domain names registered in the more common Latin-based script

EU calls for prolongation of Internet Governance Forum

The Internet Governance Forum was born out of the 2003-2005 World Summit on the Information Society, providing a single global multi-stakeholder platform where governments, the private sector and civil society can come together to discuss major issues related to internet governance. It was set up as a neutral, non-binding and non-duplicative process. The first IGF was held in Athens in 2006, followed by meetings in Rio de Janeiro (2007) and Hyderabad (2008). The fourth meeting is currently taking place in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

Its original five-year time frame will expire with the 5th meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania, next year. Before then, United Nations member countries will consider the need for an extension to the original time frame. “Before that next meeting there will be discussions on whether the IGF should continue to meet beyond 2010. For me the answer is easy: the IGF must continue,” said EU Commissioner Viviane Reding.

SOURC UE

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