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Posts Tagged ‘agricultura’

Minister for Agriculture to achieve collective agreement for the early introduction of effective discards ban under reformed CFP

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en febrero 23, 2013

Minister for Agriculture to achieve collective agreement for the early introduction of effective discards ban under reformed CFP

The challenge for Minister Coveney as President of the European Council of Fisheries Ministers is to secure wide agreement at Council on an ambitious early date for the introduction of a ban in all waters across the EU from the Baltic & North Sea to the North Eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The Minister will need to agree the practical measures that will ensure that the ban is capable of being effectively implemented in all these areas.
On the prospects for Council the Minister said:
“I am under no illusion of the challenges the effective implementation of a discards policy pose for European fishermen and for the Member States of the EU, and will work intensively with my European Ministerial colleagues over the course of the February Council to deliver a policy with an ambitious timetable for implementation that will end the discarding of fish and support the rebuilding of fish stocks and the future of coastal communities depending on fishing.”
Minister Coveney – “It is imperative that European Fisheries Ministers collectively take this progressive but challenging decision now and co-operate in agreeing appropriate and effective measures to eliminate discards with ambitious timelines.”
In a review of global discarding, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) noted the northeast Atlantic has the highest discard level in the world, estimated at 1.3 million tonnes, the majority attributed to EU fisheries. The EU Commission itself estimates that 23% of all fish caught by EU vessels are discarded.
Discarding occurs in almost every fishery, in every area and across most fleets in the European Union. Every Member State operating fishing operations on the open sea has a discard problem. Many Member States have significant levels of discards in certain fisheries, and for varying reasons.
The policy to stop discarding of fish and to change behaviour of fishermen so that unwanted by-catches and juvenile fish are no longer caught must be seen as an integral part of fisheries management in general and serve the overarching goals of moving to long-term management based on ecosystem considerations and reaching maximum sustainable yield by 2015 where possible and by 2020 at the latest for all stocks.
The three European Institutions, all Member States and importantly the Irish Presidency are fully supportive and committed to the introduction of a discards ban. To date the EU Council of Fisheries Ministers has not been able to agree when a discards ban would be introduced and how it can be implemented. This is the challenge the Presidency is trying to overcome with colleagues at the next Council.
A very important element of delivering the overall objective will be the introduction across all fisheries of smarter and more selective fishing gear, strengthened selectivity measures and changed fishing practices that avoid to the greatest extent possible unwanted catches particularly those of juvenile fish.
Ireland published a Discards Atlas detailing the full extent of discards by the Irish whitefish fleet to assist the debate on discards and facilitate actions to resolve the problem. It is critically important that other Member States do likewise to support the introduction of the new policy and inform measures that will be needed to ensure that a new policy is fully implemented by EU fishing fleets.
The Minister added:
“It is my firm belief that the success or failure of the reformed CFP will be judged to a large extent on the effectiveness of whatever discard ban is introduced and that there is widespread support for the ban from the fishing nations of the EU and their fishermen. It is imperative that European Fisheries Ministers collectively take this progressive but challenging decision now and co-operate in agreeing appropriate and effective measures to eliminate discards with ambitious timelines.”
Agreement in the Council will free up the Irish Presidency, on behalf of the Council, to begin negotiations with the European Parliament and Commission to reach political agreement on a new reformed Common Fisheries Policy by June.

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Parlamento Europeo debate precios productos agricolas.

Posted by benjamin-nicolau en marzo 23, 2009

El PE busca reducir el aumento de precio de los productos desde el huerto al mercado 

Europa puede presumir de tener una de las culturas agrícolas más eficientes del mundo, ensombrecida sin embargo por los elevados precios a los que tiene que hacer frente el consumidor. La gran diferencia entre el precio de producción y el que pagan los consumidores en el mercado preocupa a los economistas y ha puesto el foco de atención sobre la larga lista de intermediarios que intervienen en el proceso, inflando en ocasiones los precios para lograr el máximo beneficio posible.

Cinco veces más del precio al que lo venden los agricultores: es lo que suelen pagar los consumidores finales europeos por los productos. Un gasto adicional que tiene un gran impacto sobre los hogares, especialmente sobre los de rentas más bajas, en las que la alimentación representa el gasto principal del presupuesto doméstico.

 

Ingresos de los agricultores

 

Hace cincuenta años, los agricultores ingresaban aproximadamente la mitad del precio de venta de sus productos. Hoy la proporción ha caído hasta llegar a situarse en niveles tan bajos como el siete por ciento, en el caso de Reino Unido, o el dieciocho por ciento, en Francia.

 

Los Estados miembros en los que la diferencia entre los precios agrícolas y los de mercado es mayor son aquellos en los que se registra una mayor concentración de mercado, un indicador que en 1993 se situaba en un nivel medio del 21,7 por ciento en la Unión Europea y que hoy ya alcanza el setenta por ciento.

 

Abuso de poder

 

Para algunos, los supermercados abusan de su poder de compra para forzar a la baja los precios que pagan a los proveedores, llevándolos a niveles insostenibles e imponiéndoles condiciones abusivas. Así, los principales mayoristas europeos se erigen como “controladores” del acceso de los agricultores y otros proveedores a los consumidores.

 

La comisión de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural del Parlamento Europeo adoptó el pasado 17 de febrero un informe elaborado por la eurodiputada socialista griega Katerina Batzeli en el que se responde a una comunicación de la Comisión sobre los precios de los alimentos en Europa. El texto será debatido por el pleno de la Eurocámara el lunes 23 de marzo.

 

Políticas agresivas

 

Los eurodiputados se oponen a técnicas de márketing como la venta de los productos por debajo de su precio de coste, y reclaman medidas a escala comunitaria contra políticas de precios agresivas como estas. Denuncian el aumento de la especulación vinculada a la alimentación y piden a la Comisión que abra una investigación en este sentido.

 

Para paliar la situación, piden más transparencia en el proceso y una mejor regulación del mercado, así como un sistema eficaz de seguimiento del sistema de costes y precios. También reclaman un mayor acceso a los consumidores por parte de los productores agrícolas, limitando el poder de los intermediarios y los mayoristas y ofreciendo al mismo una mayor oferta a los consumidores.

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